Mike's PhD, Differential rates of vandalism in a new town: Towards a theory of relative place,.is based on vandalism in Skelmersdale new town, where he lived throughout the programme of his doctoral studies.
In 2014, Sutton used the Big Data-IDD method to find books, which bust the 155-year-old myth started by Darwin that no naturalist known to him had read Patrick Matthew's prior publication of the full theory of natural selection. Mike uniquely discovered seven naturalists had cited Matthew's book before 1858. Darwin knew four and three played major roles at the epicenter of influence on Darwin's pre-1858 work on natural selection.
|Nullius in Verba (e-book, 600 pages 2014)|
Nullius in Verba: Darwin's greatest secret is the hard-fact mythbusting book that re-wrote the history of the discovery of natural selection with new Big Data made discoveries of the once hidden books that reveal Darwin and Wallace actually knew several naturalists who really did read Patrick Matthew's prior publication of the full theory of natural selection - because, it is newly discovered, they cited it in published books and articles, years before Darwin and Wallace supposedly 'independently' replicated it in 1858 with, supposedly, no knowledge of what Matthew had discovered that their friends and influencers had read and actually cited in the literature before influencing them!
|Vol.1 second edition|
"The picture represents Charles Robert Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace, who both claimed they each independently discovered the theory of natural selection with no prior knowledge of Patrick Matthew's earlier work. Patrick Matthew is represented in the allegorical painting as the infant."
You can read Mike's Amazon Books Author page
In April (Easter) 2015, Mike discovered the etymological origins in English of the terms Easter Bunny (Bunnie) and Easter eggs. He also discovered the apparent etymological origin of 'April fools' - suggesting fools errand pranks, originally, might have been played for the entire month. On October 31st. 2015, he discovered the first published use of the words Hallowe'en and Halloween. On 1st November 2015, Mike published the first full etymology of Guy Fawkes Night. Also in November 2015 he discovered who first coined the word Darwinist and in what context.
Mike also discovered that:
- Charles Dickens DID NOT coin the word 'boring'
- Sylvia Plath DID NOT coin the word 'dreamscape
- Sydney, Lady Morgan DID NOT coin the phrase 'accidentally on purpose'.
In January 2018 Mike conceived the notion of the Trunchbull Reflex ( #TrunchBullReflex) as an explanation for failure to believe atrocities and other outrageous behaviour
In October 2016 the IDD research method detected a long neglected 1939 translation of the accounts of the Gild of St George at St Peter's Church in Nottingham. That book, a scholarly translation of the orignal medieval documents, builds upon the prior research of others (see Langley et al 2014) into the 15th century Hill v Hylton Court of Chancery case and how it provided a crucial lead towards the discovery of the grave of Richard III in a Leicester car park in 2012. The newly re-discovered self-published book found with IDD (Hodgkinson 1939) establishes that a past Sheriff of Nottingham (Ralph Hill) sued an acting Mayor of Nottingham (Walter Hylton). Both men were in the same gild (guild). That Nottingham gild lent them money to carry out work on the monument for Richard III's tomb. Moreover, rather than make a new monument (according to current knowledge claims) befitting a dead king, it looks like there is now a new historical document evidence-led possibility that such a monument existed already and Hylton was contracted to repair it rather than make the first one himself. More details of that BigData discovery here.
Mike Sutton is the originator of several unique hypotheses:
Those who the ID method in Google's Library reveals are apparently first to be second with apparently original words, terms or phrases more likely than not replicated them because they read them first in the apparently original source.
'... in timber trees the opposite course has been pursued. The large growing varieties being so long of coming to produce seed, that many plantations are cut down before they reach this maturity, the small growing and weakly varieties, known by early and extreme seeding, have been continually selected as reproductive stock, from the ease and conveniency with which their seed could be procured; and the husks of several kinds of these invariably kiln-dried, in order that the seeds might be the more easily extracted. May we, then, wonder that our plantations are occupied by a sickly short-lived puny race, incapable of supporting existence in situations where their own kind had formerly flourished—particularly evinced in the genus Pinus,more particularly in the species Scots Fir; so much inferior to those of Nature's own rearing, where only the stronger, more hardy, soil-suited varieties can struggle forward to maturity and reproduction?
We say that the rural economist should pay as much regard to the breed or particular variety of his forest trees, as he does to that of his live stock of horses, cows, and sheep. That nurserymen should attest the variety of their timber plants, sowing no seeds but those gathered from the largest, most healthy, and luxuriant growing trees..'
‘The use of the infinite seedling varieties in the families of plants, even in those in a state of nature, differing in luxuriance of growth and local adaptation, seems to be to give one individual (the strongest best circumstance-suited) superiority over others of its kind around, that it may, by overtopping and smothering them, procure room for full extension, and thus affording, at the same time, a continual selection of the strongest, best circumstance suited for reproduction. Man’s interference, by preventing this natural process of selection among plants, independent of the wider range of circumstances to which he introduces them, has increased the difference in varieties, particularly in the more domesticated kinds…’
Mike Sutton served terms of office as External Examiner for Forensic Criminology at Sheffield Hallam University (UK).and Criminology ar Birmingham City University
Mike recently published a US Government Department of Justice international COPS Office guide for policing stolen goods markets .Mike is the originator of the Market Reduction Approach (MRA) to theft and co-founder and Chief Editor of the innovative, dual 100 per cent open access, Internet Journal of Criminology. He is a winner of the British Journal of Criminology Prize for virtual ethnographic research into a pan-European hacking group - judged to have "...most significantly contributed to the knowledge and understanding of criminology and criminal justice issues' in 1998/99.
What is the MRA?
International Recognition and International Policy Impact
Sutton has numerous scholarly publications in the field of hate crimes, bias and prejudice, including a mythbusting UK Government report and guide on the best use of media in reducing ‘racial’ prejudice. What Sutton discovered, during the time he was working on this project, about the effect of bias on racism, and the effect of bias on efforts to tackle it, led him to look in more depth at the issue of bias in all fields, particularly in understanding more about how myths are created, reinforced and disseminated. Sutton is particularly interested in understanding how knowledge about the dynamic life of myths might be utilised in developing the strangely neglected field of how best to tackle them. This is an area that he calls dysology studies. Lessons learned in this field may well be useful for reducing, hate crimes of all kinds, cultural, religious, and ethnic prejudices as well as all areas where it is important that veracity is maintained in the public interest – such as in all areas of science and medicine.
A Notable Alumnus
Peer Review Activities
DETAILED EVIDENCE OF THE INFLUENCE OF SUTTON'S WORK ON POLICY FROM 1990-2011.
By Mike Sutton
Evidence of Policy Impact of my research
- UK Government Website promoting my MRA See page 9 USA Government’s Department of Justice COPS programme international problem-oriented Practitioners policing guide for tackling stolen goods marketsto reduce theft
- US Department of Justice also added my Home Office MRA guide to its website and an influential briefing note.
- My report on tackling stolen goods markets is also recommended reading in US Department of Justice “Mayors’ Guide to effective policing and crime prevention.
- Australian Government’s Institute of Criminology
- New Zealand Ministry of Justice and also here.
Wider Influence of my MRA on Criminology
Wildlife crime and endangered species
- Schneider JL. (2008) ‘Reducing the Illicit Trade in Wildlife: The Market Reduction Approach’. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 24:274–95: And here.
- Trafficking in Ivory: Lemieux, A.M. and Clarke, R.V. (2009) The International Ban on Ivory Sales and its Effects on Elephant Poaching in Africa. British Journal of Criminology. Vol. 49.
- Reduce human trafficking: Organisation of Security and Co-operation in Europe Report (e.g. see page 1) Combatting Trafficking in Humans: Organisation of Security and Co-operation in Europe Report (e.g. see page 1)
- Theft and Trafficking of Art and Cultural Artefacts: Manacorda, S. and Chappell, D. (eds.) (2011) Crime in the Art and Antiques World: Illegal Trafficking in Cultural Property. New York. Springer.
Some Examples of the Impact of My Other Work on Crime Reduction and Bias and Prejudice Reduction Policy Guidance and Policy Making
- Publication of Sutton, M. Perry, B. Parke J. and John-Baptiste, C. (2007) Getting the Message Across: Using media to reduce ‘racial’ prejudice. Department of Communities and Local Government. London. (Peer reviewed national government research report). Led to speaking engagement with National and local government representatives and members of anti-racism organisations: where I was Keynote speaker at a forum held in Scotland and funded by the Glasgow Anti-Racist Alliance (GARA). Subsequently, the Getting the Message Across report also used in a Coalition for Racial Equality and Rights submission to the Council of Europe Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities.
- Newcastle City Council relied upon the Getting the Message Across report to shape its policy making .
On 26 August 2011, The Coalition for Racial Equality and Rights (formerly known as the Glasgow Anti Racist Alliance) sent a written submission to the Scottish Parliament’s Justice Committee regarding the Offensive Behaviour at Football and Threatening Communications (Scotland). Bill. The submission informed Parliament of the dangers of implementing uninformed racism reductions measures that are likely to backfire and make the problem worse. The submission cited the myth busting research contained within the ‘Getting the Message Across’ report (Sutton et al 2007). Policy making advice within the ‘Getting the Message Across’ report inspired the Glasgow Anti Racist Alliance (Now Coalition for Racial Equality and Human Rights - CREHR) to successfully apply for funding to test its recommendations. They wrote:
My Research Reports in the UK National Archive
Key Accomplishments: Other criminological research
I devised the IDD research method, which amongst other mythbusts, originally unearthed literature in 2013/14 that totally disproves the prior-scientific establishment cherished and beloved myth that no naturalist at all/none know to Charles Darwin or Alfred Wallace had read Patrick Matthew's (1831) prior published complete theory of macroevolution by natural selection. The bombshell💣 findings are in my 2014, 2016 book Nullius in Verba: Darwin's Greatest Secret and in two expert peer reviewed academic journal articles: here and here. The IDD method and a small samples of original mythbusting findings made with it are in another expert peer reviewed journal article - here. The IDD method also bust the Spinach, Popeye and Iron Decimal Point Error Myth. That supermyth bust has been explained in several of my papers and essays and is covered by others in a number of textbooks (see here).
My Mythbusting articles on Spinach
Spinach, Iron and Popeye: Ironic lessons from biochemistry and history on the importance of healthy eating, healthy scepticism and adequate citation (Sutton 2010) (here and here and also here)
The Spinach, Popeye, Iron, Decimal Error Myth is Finally Busted (Sutton, M. 2010) (here)
SPIN@GE USA Beware of the Bull: The United States Department of Agriculture is Spreading Bull about Spinach, Iron and Vitamin C (Sutton 2011) (Here)
How the spinach, Popeye and iron decimal point error myth was finally bust (Sutton 2010) (Here and also here)
2019 - date General editor of the Internet Journal of Criminology. Author.