The Dysology Hypothesis

Letting scholars get away with publishing fallacies and myths signals to others the existence of topics where guardians of good scholarship might be less capable than elsewhere. Such dysology then serves as an allurement to poor scholars to disseminate existing myths and fallacies and to create and publish their own in these topic areas, which leads to a downward spiral of diminishing veracity on particular topics.

Monday, 6 July 2020

Who is J. F Derry?


The individual mentioned in the tweet below is a disgraced cyber-stalker. If he gets in contact with you to do his malicious criminal harassment for him, once you are aware of his activities, if you do so then you are committing a criminal offence yourself.

You may wish to learn more about Derry. Forewarned is forearmed

Fully referenced and independently verifiable details of Derry's obsessively insane criminal harassment behaviour can be found HERE

Monday, 11 May 2020

The Covid19 Masks Supermyth

During the 2020 Covid-19 Coronavirus pandemic, scientific and medical advisers to the UK Government took the myth that face masks of any kind do not provide the wearer, if a member of the general public in a public/semi-public place, with any useful protection against a virus and added to it a new myth that they would be more likely to become infected and to infect others through the act of wearing a mask in public and semi public places. In this blog post you will see the video and newspaper, journal and peer reviewed journal article evidence for the creation, dissemination and busting of the lethal Masks Supermyth.

. The timeline of UK government scientific adviser - mere unevidenced - beliefs about public use of face masks/coverings outside the home during a pandemic and the actual evidence followed by the turnaround on 11th May 2020.

Many thousands of lives have been lost. If masks work today to stop the spread of Covid19 then they also worked months ago!


Please follow the video and newspaper timeline.

March 4th 2020, Chief Medical Officer, and top "expert" government adviser on the Covid19 pandemic, Chris Whitty, says the general public should not wear masks (Here) .

Maybe that is because Whitty oddly thinks face mask wearing will somehow uniquely turn us into idiots who won't also wash our hands or properly keep the correct social distance anymore?

Whitty is on record on 4th March  saying that masks will not provide protection against the virus, but does not explain why that should be his thinking given that the virus is spread by coughed or sneezed water droplets. Logic suggests masks will reduce the volume and trajectory of infected droplets. Given that many spreaders and super spreaders are asymptomatic. Compulsory masks for all would prevent them spreading the virus. So what on Earth is Whitty talking about?

A supermyth is a myth that is compounded by further myths about that myth (see the supermyths website)

So here we see the beginning of the supermyth that masks don't work against Covid-19 - as others (on film below) such as Whitty's deputy, Jenny Harries, add to the masks don't work myth with another myth (to compound the original myth) that the general UK public wearing masks in public places start acting stupidly with them, doing things like wiping infected masks over surfaces. And further myths added by scientific advisers that mask wearers think masks are to sole solution to the pandemic.

11th March 2020 The Deputy Chief Medical Officer telling Boris and the rest of us the barking mad nonsense the public would wipe infected face masks over surfaces - but its OK for us all to attend mass public events  in this pandemic! (Ref:


Is Jenny Harries Advising Boris how to best infect the UK population! from Mike Robert Sutton on Vimeo.


13th April 2020 - more total idiocy. This time from Dr Chris Smith, founder of the podcast Naked Scientists is exposed as a credulous follower and super spreader of the lethal Masks Supermyth. Dr Smith is  consultant medical virologist and a lecturer at the University of Cambridge and is also a Fellow Commoner at Queens' College, Cambridge.






The beginning of the U-Turn  1st May 2020 Boris Johnson (having been in hospital with Covid19 admitting that public use of face masks do work to save lives by slowing the spread of Covid19

May 3rd 2020 face masks compulsory on all Eurostar trains leaving London HERE

Untitled from Mike Robert Sutton on Vimeo.
4th May 2020 expert scientist Sir David King on why masks should be compulsory outside the home - in public and semi-public places.

Sir David King recommends the public be ordered to wear masks from Mike Robert Sutton on Vimeo.

6th May UK science "expert" makes totally unevidenced and ludicrously transparent propaganda ass-covering claim that everyone forgets masks are not the only solution.


Covid19 UK Gov. public news briefing 6th May 2020 from Mike Robert Sutton on Vimeo.
6th May Govt Minister, Matt Hancock, hilariously wriggling on the end of the hook on question of face masks for the public making ludicrous statement about fears of general public somehow using masks destined for the NHS!


Government Clearly Afraid to Admit that it was Wrong about Masks and the General Public from Mike Robert Sutton on Vimeo.

6 May 2020 UK Chief Scientific Officer Sir Patrick Vallance admits facemasks may reduce the spread of Covid 19  Here

8th May 2020 Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon recommending public use of masks outside the home.


Scotland 8th May. Tells general population to wear masks outside the home. Why not England? from Mike Robert Sutton on Vimeo.

9th May 2020 UK Deputy Chief Medical officer incredibly arrogant but dim Jonathan "um-um-er" Van-Tam still spreading the lethal supermyth that masks should not be recommended for use by the general UK population
# . 9th May Facemasks compulsory at some UK airports
11th May 2020 The BBC reveal UK government turnaround on public use of facemasks


If face masks work 11 May to reduce deaths from Covid19 then logically they worked before. That means the previous advice killed from Mike Robert Sutton on Vimeo.

11th May 2020 The UK Prime Clown in parliament not apologising, not admitting his government and the idiot advisers he has been led by got the whole masks issue wrong. How many thousands died because of the dysology on masks and the subsequent Masks Supermyth Boris?

Boris does a turnaround on face masks but does not admit his Government got it wrong for over two months. from Mike Robert Sutton on Vimeo.

Read an excellent paper on why masks worn by the general public should have been made compulsory right from the start: Face masks for the public during the covid-19 crisis BMJ 2020; 369 doi: (Published 09 April 2020) See:

And, based on scientific experiment - here is another good article 

By contrast, here is one beloved by anti-maskers based on people in a lab experiment only wearing a medical grade mask or a flimsy cotton mask coughing into a petri dish from a couple of inches away. Yet the authors of the article admit they did not measure either the volume or trajectory of infected water droplets by mask wearers versus non mask wearers. Moreover, where the hell do members of the general public obtain these flimsy disposable medical grade masks? And who thinks flimsy cotton masks are the number 1. choice of the public? For all they know a scarf wrapped around the face, a way thicker DIY anti dust mask or ski mask, anti pollution mask, works better. Anyway, it's well worth a read.


CONCLUSION: Videos and pictures speak thousands of words 

If masks work on 11th May to reduce the spread of Covid19 and reduce the dreadful death toll then they worked 2 months ago when the three so called "experts" below were creating and spreading the deadly Mask Supermyth!

The so-called "experts" advising the UK Government made up a myth by telling them and the public a made-up story that if they wore masks they would only be doing so in the erroneous belief that a mask on the face renders the wearer immune from infection and so they would stop hand washing and social distancing. 

The correct message should have been that because Covid19 is often spread by asymptomatic people breathing out, coughing and sneezing infected droplets in public and semi-public places that EVERYONE should wear a mask. Because: "when we all wear a mask we protect ourselves by the simultaneous act of protecting everyone else."

The only reason masks are not compulsory today in the UK (12th May 2020) during the pandemic could well be because the government of the UK would rather thousands more now die than admit they got the science, logic and commonsense on masks for the public wrong from the very start, and for months they callously refused to admit it, allowing thousands more unnecessary deaths and many more infections to occur.


The image above is from the 60 page document (here) that includes the masks for all u-turn. But now they are spin hiding their earlier stupid advice not to wear a mask by telling people not to use an anti-dust mask. Even though it is obvious such masks would save save lives! My family all wear anti-dust mask in public. And we see them used by the public, police etc all over Europe. The image below is the type of double-mask my family all use and me wearing mine.






Review of randomised trials finds masks very effective a source control measure if worn by the general public HERE



. Why on Earth not make masks compulsory? In the UK it is because so called "expert" scientists have not actually followed the science and are now afraid to lose face by admitting it. Here is yet another article explaining why masks save lives HERE


We saw above that on march 4th 2020 The UK Chief Medical Officer Chris Whitty said not to wear a mask in public and semi public places. Now he has changes  his mind. But its too little too late. If masks are saving lives now then they would have saved thousands earlier. Logically, Whitty's bad advice killed people then, didn't it? Or are masks suddenly effective at saving lives now but were not two months ago?

Whitty U-turn on masks with no explanation to the public and no apology for earlier any-mask lethal nonsense. from Mike Robert Sutton on Vimeo.   3rd June 2020 Whitty's U-turn with no apology and no explanation! Thousands have died. Tens of thousands. How many died due the lethal Masks Supermyth?

4th June 2020 the Government makes face coverings compulsory this month on all public transport in England (here)

On 5th June there are calls to make masks compulsory elsewhere in public places in the UK


More propaganda as Marr and Sunak will only use the new greased weasel term "face coverings" to try to magic away the word masks from the lexicon of criminal incompetence and useless, weirdly incurious and credulous, BBC journalism on the issue of public mask use during the pandemic.

Andrew Marr Show 14 June 202 from Mike Robert Sutton on Vimeo. .
A few wise words - although rather late - from Peter Drobac, MD, MPH ADVISER; VISITING FACULTY, FACULTY OF GLOBAL HEALTH DELIVERY at Oxford University on 22.06.2020 . 
On Masks working. Further evidence that busts the masks supermyth from Mike Robert Sutton on Vimeo.

If face masks work to save lives as we come out of lock down, then they also worked during lock down at the peak of the pandemic and before. So having an anti-mask policy during peak of the lock down surely led to tens of thousands of deaths and even more misery to others. 

Still no explanation for U-turn on face masks and no apology for earlier lethal anti mask policy in U.K. from Mike Robert Sutton on Vimeo.
UK and USA Political Anti-Mask Propaganda Kills People - Kills them in the tens of thousands!
 On 23 June 2020 Chris Whitty now admits we should all wear masks in shops. But nobody is. Not even the staff. Why not? because of whitty, Harries and Van-Tam earlier saying they don't work and actually spread the virus. Whitty in an unprecedented lethal coward for not admitting he got it wrong earlier, for not giving a reason for the official U-turn. People have died and continue to die because of his credulous sheeplike incompetence followed by utter disgraceful ass-covering cowardice!

Whitty now 23 June 2020 recommends masks in shops! No admission that he earlier said masks are useless! from Mike Robert Sutton on Vimeo.




9th July 2020 Scotland makes it compulsory to wear masks in shops (here

. .

Thursday, 7 May 2020

Veracity v Myth and Matthew V Darwin in the invention of terraforming

Based on the Supermyth that Darwin and Wallace uniquely and independently discovered the natural process of selection, there is a related, daughter, myth that Charles Darwin, together with his botanical mentor and best friend Joseph Hooker uniquely invented terraforming by way of what they did on Ascension Island (e.g. that story here).

In reality it is Patrick Matthew, the plagiarized and cheated 1831 originator of the theory of natural selection, whose research and observations of nature provided the factual and theoretical base for terraforming.

When, in 1831, Matthew published his theory in his book On Naval Timber and Arboriculture, it contained, amongst other religious heresy at the time, the heresy that trees could grow better in other than their "natural" habitats when transplanted there by humans. This heresy was heretical because it went against then Christian doctrine that "God", as designer and creator, placed every living thing in its ideal location. Matthew's heresy here is probably just one of those that led his bombshell breakthrough book to be banned by Perth public Library in Scotland and for reviewers to demand readers not even think about his ruminations on the laws of nature. Indeed, Selby (a regular church-going Christian naturalist, who I, in 20142014a2015 see my later 2016 paperback) uniquely discovered cited Matthew's book in 1842 and wrote that he could not understand this idea before going on to be chief editor of the journal that published Wallace's 1855 Sarawak paper. NOTE: My Selby discovery was later plagiarized in the Linnean Journal by Dagg The Jealous and Sly Plagiarist - facts here) and earlier by Weale who - though citing my help with his paper - failed to cite my research as the origin of the fact we now know the famous naturalist Selby cited Matthew's (1831) and the orignal ideas in it. 

Selby wrote that he could not understand how it could be so that Matthew said trees could do better when grown outside their natural habitat. See Prideaux John Selby, A History of British Forest-Trees: Indigenous and Introduced, Van Voorst, London 1842. In this way, whether he really could understand it (but pretended otherwise to appease the powerful church) or not, Selby drew attention to Matthew's heresy. Later it was picked up upon as no more than an important fact for economic botany and cited prominently by William Hooker's (William being Joseph Hooker's father and also a friend of the Darwin and his wife) correspondent William Jameson in 1853 (facts here).

The United Service Journal and Naval and Military Magazine published an extended review in the 1831 Part II and 1831 Part III numbers of the magazine:

"But we disclaim participation in his ruminations on the law of Nature, or on the outrages committed upon reason and justice by our burthens of hereditary nobility, entailed property, and insane enactments."

In 1843, a year after Selby (1842) noted what Matthew had written abut some trees doing well outside their natural habitat, Joseph Hooker landed on Ascension Island (see here and here) and arranged for an abundance of different species of tree to be planted there.

Darwin and his cronies capitalized upon the opportunistic fact Matthew had been earlier silenced in the first half of the 19th century when the church was still in its ascendancy to steal his ideas. Indeed, while Matthew mocked the church and priests, in many editions of the Origin of Species Darwin kept the notion of "The Creator" in as a supernatural deity that created evolution by natural selection. 

Tuesday, 25 February 2020

On the Moral Panic Supermythbust and Cornavirus

Get the facts

Tuesday, 11 February 2020

Mike Sutton's Biography and Bragging Rights


Mike Sutton was born in Orpington Kent in England in 1959. He attended Ramsden Infant and primary schools in Orpington Kent and West End Primary School, and then Wigan Road Secondary School in Ormskirk, Lancashire. Within just 9 months he studied for and gained two A levels (Sociology and Economic History) at Wigan Technical College in Wigan. 

Mike is a notable alumnus, with a first degree in law and PhD in criminology from the University of Central Lancashire..On graduating with second class honours in law, he was appointed as a research assistant for three years, during which period he completed his PhD and then stayed on for a year to cover the module leadership teaching of two criminology modules: namely, the Sociology of Crime (second year) and Crime and Deviant Behaviour t(third year). His PhD studies supervisor was Professor Cindy Fazey. His second supervisor was Professor Paul Wiles of Sheffield University, who later went on to be Chief Scientific Officer to the Home Office. His external examiner was Professor Terence Morris

Mike's PhD, Differential rates of vandalism in a new town: Towards a theory of relative place,.is based on vandalism in Skelmersdale new town, where he lived throughout the programme of his doctoral studies. 

On leaving the University of Central Lancashire, Mike Sutton was for 14 years a senior criminologist (Research Officer and then Senior Research officer) at the British Home Office, Queen Anne's Gate. In 2001, he became Reader in Criminology at Nottingham Trent University, where he founded the 'Centre for Study and Reduction of Bias, Prejudice and Hate Crime'.

Mike Sutton is  co-owner and joint founder of the Internet Journal of Criminology

In 1999, Mike won, along with Dave Mann, the British Journal of Criminology Prize for their jointly published virtual ethnographic research on hackers, which was deemed to have made the most significant contribution to criminological knowledge in 1998-1999.

Mike is the originator of the Market Reduction Approach to Theft, the Supermyth concept and the IDD research method.

 In 2014, Sutton used the Big Data-IDD method to find books, which bust the 155-year-old myth started by Darwin that no naturalist known to him had read Patrick Matthew's prior publication of the full theory of natural selection. Mike uniquely discovered seven naturalists had cited Matthew's book before 1858. Darwin knew four and three played major roles at the epicenter of influence on Darwin's pre-1858 work on natural selection.

Nullius in Verba (e-book, 600 pages 2014)

Prior to the publication of 'Nullius' as an e-book in 2014 by ThinkerMedia, and just before that publisher ceased business in December 2017, as vol.1 of three planned derived volumes in paperback in  2017, it was universally believed that Charles Darwin told the truth when he wrote in 1860 that apparently no naturalist had read the orignal ideas in Patrick Matthew's 1831 book, which contained the first full conception of the hypothesis of macroevolution by natural selection

Nullius in Verba: Darwin's greatest secret is the hard-fact mythbusting book that re-wrote the history of the discovery of natural selection with new Big Data made discoveries of the once hidden books that reveal Darwin and Wallace actually knew several naturalists who really did read Patrick Matthew's prior publication of the full theory of natural selection - because, it is newly discovered, they cited it in published books and articles, years before Darwin and Wallace supposedly 'independently' replicated it in 1858 with, supposedly, no knowledge of what Matthew had discovered that their friends and influencers had read and actually cited in the literature before influencing them!

The 600 page detailed E-book Nullius is no longer available on Amazon.. Since it was hacked by Russians and is available for sale by copyright thieving criminals, on illegal pirate book sites worldwide, there are no current plans to re-publish it on Kindle.or any other e-book platform. The new (second edition) abridged and updated (2017) paperback (vol.1 of three or more planned volumes) is available on all Amazon sites worldwide e.g. UK (here) and USA (here)  and can be obtained from all good book shops and any library. 

Vol.1 second edition

In 2014, Using Big Data analysis and his own IDD research method, Mike established that it is now more likely than not that Darwin and Wallace committed the greatest science fraud in history by plagiarizing the work of Patrick Matthew. Moreover, Mike Sutton uniquely and originally 100 per cent proved that Darwin did commit lying, plagiarising science fraud by glory theft of Matthew's orignal ideas and his influence on other naturalists pre-1858.

Mike commissioned the artist Gabriel woods to paint an allegorical analogy to explain to atheist biologists and other Darwinists why the new evidence means that, contrary to the 155 year old science myth, created by Darwin and parroted by credulous Darwinists ever since, other naturalists in fact not only read but also cited Matthew's book in the literature. Moreover, the painting reflects the fact that we now newly know that Darwin knew four of those naturalists and three of them played major roles at the epicenter of influence on Darwin's and Wallace's work on natural slection before 1858. The point of the painting is that it would be a miracle of immaculate cognitive conception - on par with the mythical miraculous supernatural divine conception of the Christian prophet Jesus of Nazareth by the Blessed St Mary - if Darwin and Wallace were gifted some kind of divine cognitive contraceptive to prevent those they knew - who they admitted influenced them - from influencing them with the unique ideas they each replicated that were uniquely in the book that their influences read before influencing them! Rationally, in light of the new data,discovered by Sutton, knowledge contamination seems far more probable then immaculate cognitive conception.

Immaculate Deception - Oil on Canvas by Gabriel Woods (2015)
The British, Nottingham based, artist Gabriel Woods (May 2015) explains the essential rationale for his portrait "Immaculate Deception":

"The picture represents Charles Robert Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace, who both claimed they each independently discovered the theory of natural selection with no prior knowledge of Patrick Matthew's earlier work. Patrick Matthew is represented in the allegorical painting as the infant."

More of Gabriel Woods' art can be found on his page on

You can read Mike's Amazon Books Author page 

Mike also busted the Zombie Cop (100 yard) beat patrol myth. Mike bust the famous Spinach Myth, the Crime Opportunity Theory Myth, His game-changing work on busting the Routine Activities Theory notion of opportunity being a cause of crime has been positively cited in several scholarly text books and is in an encyclopedia of criminology (click here to find further details)

In April (Easter) 2015, Mike discovered the etymological origins in English of the terms Easter Bunny (Bunnie) and Easter eggs. He also discovered the apparent etymological origin of 'April fools' - suggesting fools errand pranks, originally, might have been played for the entire month. On October 31st. 2015, he discovered the first published use of the words Hallowe'en and Halloween. On 1st November 2015, Mike published the first full etymology of Guy Fawkes Night. Also in November 2015 he discovered who first coined the word Darwinist and in what context.

In 2013 Mike bust the Moral Panic (Creation) Myth , the Founded Founding Fathers Myth the Merton Myth and The Selfish Gene Myth and the Biological Replicator Myth. More detail on the Richard Dawkins selfish gene and biological replicator myth-busts here. 

In September 2016, Mike found the published use of the term "political honeymoon" dates back at least as far as 1866. And once again he beat the etymological experts at the Oxford English Dictionary (OED), by this time revealing that the publication of the term "social housing" dates back at least as far as 1913

In August 2016, Mike found better than 'smoking gun' evidence to disprove the myth that that the term and modern meaning of 'smoking gun' evidence originated from the Sherlock Holmes story, "The Adventure of the Gloria Scott" (1893). Sutton challenges the veracity of the story told by Cunningham that Berney Jr coined the word 'asteroid' for the Royal Society in 1861 because Sutton found it used for 273 years in over 100 books pre-1861.  

Mike also discovered that:

In January 2018 Mike conceived the notion of the  Trunchbull Reflex ( #TrunchBullReflex) as an explanation for failure to believe atrocities and other outrageous behaviour 

In 2014 and 2016 Mike employed his same IDD research method, that discovered long-neglected publications that debunk the expert 'knowledge-claim' that not a single naturalist read Patrick Matthew's full prior-published conception of the hypotheses of macroevolution by natural selection (before Darwin and Wallace penned a word on the topic.

In October 2016 the IDD research method detected a long neglected 1939 translation of the accounts of the Gild of St George at St Peter's Church in Nottingham. That book, a scholarly translation of the orignal medieval documents, builds upon the prior research of others (see Langley et al 2014) into the 15th century Hill v Hylton Court of Chancery case and how it provided a crucial lead towards the discovery of the grave of Richard III in a Leicester car park in 2012. The newly re-discovered self-published book found with IDD (Hodgkinson 1939) establishes that a past Sheriff of Nottingham (Ralph Hill) sued an acting Mayor of Nottingham (Walter Hylton). Both men were in the same gild (guild). That Nottingham gild lent them money to carry out work on the monument for Richard III's tomb. Moreover, rather than make a new monument (according to current knowledge claims) befitting a dead king, it looks like there is now a new historical document evidence-led possibility that such a monument existed already and Hylton was contracted to repair it rather than make the first one himself. More details of that BigData discovery here.

2. While researching the issue of such modern myths and their impact on policy making and practice, Mike created the Supermyth concept and the associated braced mythphrase as a supermyth sub-type.

3. He invented the Market Reduction Approach to theft (doubly archived here) . Mike is both the originator of the phrase and the concept known as the Market Reduction Approach (Sutton 1998). His original coining of the phrase and creation of the concept was applied to stolen goods markets in order to reduce theft.
4. Mike is the originator of the bad scholarship notion of dysology. The word itself existed before he thought it up independently (here). But its prior use suggests it may have been a possible typo - perhaps of dislogy. Mike also thinks of disology as the 'science of discovery' and also the practice and study of disrespect (see
5. Mike coined the phrase "The phrase is the concept" and is the originator of the concept that the phrase is the concept. He also coined the term "Tech-lag Turkey".
6. Mike was the first person to use the phrase 'Internet Dating' to mean using internet search engines to date the provenance of words, phrases and concepts ( a bit like virtual carbon dating). Using this technique he has busted myths about the origin of words, phrases and concepts including: Moral PanicSelf-Fulfilling ProphecyThe Founding Fathers and Black Markets and Bootlegging
7. In February 2013 using the Google search engine Mike 'discovered' The original thing called a "Google"
8. On 29th July 2015 Mike coined the saying"The wise man mocks the mocker. The mocker mocks man."
9, On February 9th 2016 Mike coined the word "cycligan" to describe adults who ride bicycles in pedestrian areas - especially pavements (side-walks).
10. On 17th December 2008 Mike began developing the concept of punterizationpunterized(also punterised) and punterization ( punterisation) as the dishing out (punterrization) - and awareness of being on the receiving end (punterised) of - dishonest or disingenuous treatment. (archived)
Admitting that more research is needed, Mike thinks he may be the first to use the words punterized and punterization in this particular sense.
Mike certainly never coined the word punterization, which has been in very rare usage (perhaps of Australian origin) to mean such things as normalised - or else "sexed-up" to appeal to the general population here. And here as early as 2005.
In 2016 Mike came up with the notion of the 'Rifkin Imperative' to seek to explain why some offenders appear unable to resist bragging about exploits in cases where such bragging leads to their detection.

Mike Sutton is the originator of several unique hypotheses:

1. The Market Reduction Approach HypothesisSince most prolific thieves steal to sell and need to sell rapidly, reducing and making it more difficult and risky to deal in stolen goods markets will reduce the incidence of theft.
2. The Dysology HypothesisLetting scholars get away with publishing fallacies and myths signals to others the existence of topics where guardians of good scholarship might be less capable than elsewhere. Such dysology then serves as an allurement to poor scholars to disseminate existing myths and fallacies and to create and publish their own in these topic areas, which leads to a downward spiral of diminishing veracity on particular topics.
3. The Crime Substitution HypothesisSince the Routine Activities Theory (RAT) is a theory of how crime shifts and changes in relation to changes in society - and according to Felson and Boba (2010) the key to such changes is the technology of everyday life - then a significant amount of online activity and games console playing at home might be keeping people off the streets for significant periods every day and reducing the amount of hourly availability of victims and offenders in the offline world, while ensuring homes are occupied for more hours every day. If it is, and yet that is not responsible for the currently unfathomable 15 year decline in violent crime, car crime and burglary in the Western world then routine activities alone may be nothing like as a good an explanation for high volume crime as its adherents think it is. Of course, the 15 year crime drop in the offline world may be taking place in a direct inverse relationship with online offending such as fraud, stalking, virus spreading, hacking and copyright theft etc - which RAT would explain. This appears to be an important issue with huge implications for criminology and crime reduction policy making. Mike has published blog articles on this topic and two articles with his colleague Professor Mark Griffiths (1) Here (2) Here
4. The Frozen Donkey HypothesisIf one encounters a frozen donkey in the road, standing, for all the world as though alive, no amount of reasoning, patience, impatient berating or rational cajoling will entice it to shift its position. The donkey is not merely being stubborn. Why not? Because it is bereft of life. The donkey can think no more, all mental faculties have ceased to be. The only solution is to go around it. Darwinist historians of science are behaving like frozen donkeys. Unable to adapt to a sudden change in their circumstances, they succumb to those circumstances. If they continue to do so they will be circumvented by scholars better able to adapt to the New Data. Once significantly circumvented, Darwinist historians of science will lose their power of occupancy in the literature on the topic of the discovery of natural selection. Once that happens they will shortly become intellectually extinct.
5. The April Fools Month HypothesisIn 1678, in England, April Fools meant people being sent, as a joke, on a fools errand. And 20 years later the same meaning applied in London. I wonder if, historically, the shenanigans were carried on for the whole month of April? After all, only the month and no day is mentioned. If so, perhaps the lengthy entertainment period served some long forgotten social and economic purpose?
6.The Rotten Easter Eggs HypothesisIn 16th Century Britain, it seems quite possible that the Easter egg arrived on these shores pre-named, or else was "christened", on independent invention or re-generation, with the sole sinister purpose as ammunition to throw at Catholic priests tied to crosses in public punishment spectacles in Scotland.
Those who the ID method in Google's Library reveals are apparently first to be second with apparently original words, terms or phrases more likely than not replicated them because they read them first in the apparently original source.
In absence of disconfirming evidence for the currently available evidence that Patrick Matthew (1831) originated (was first) to write and have published the Artificial Selection versus Natural Selection Analogy, when he wrote...:

'... in timber trees the opposite course has been pursued. The large growing varieties being so long of coming to produce seed, that many plantations are cut down before they reach this maturity, the small growing and weakly varieties, known by early and extreme seeding, have been continually selected as reproductive stock, from the ease and conveniency with which their seed could be procured; and the husks of several kinds of these invariably kiln-dried, in order that the seeds might be the more easily extracted. May we, then, wonder that our plantations are occupied by a sickly short-lived puny race, incapable of supporting existence in situations where their own kind had formerly flourished—particularly evinced in the genus Pinus,more particularly in the species Scots Fir; so much inferior to those of Nature's own rearing, where only the stronger, more hardy, soil-suited varieties can struggle forward to maturity and reproduction?

We say that the rural economist should pay as much regard to the breed or particular variety of his forest trees, as he does to that of his live stock of horses, cows, and sheep. That nurserymen should attest the variety of their timber plants, sowing no seeds but those gathered from the largest, most healthy, and luxuriant growing trees..'
‘The use of the infinite seedling varieties in the families of plants, even in those in a state of nature, differing in luxuriance of growth and local adaptation, seems to be to give one individual (the strongest best circumstance-suited) superiority over others of its kind around, that it may, by overtopping and smothering them, procure room for full extension, and thus affording, at the same time, a continual selection of the strongest, best circumstance suited for reproduction. Man’s interference, by preventing this natural process of selection among plants, independent of the wider range of circumstances to which he introduces them, has increased the difference in varieties, particularly in the more domesticated kinds…’

...then I propose that Patrick Matthew (1831) was not only first to originate and have published the full hypothesis of natural selection, but that he also originated (was first to publish) the Artificial Selection versus Natural Selection Analogy of Differences, which has been missed by Darwinists until I wrote about it on, because the majority of them are biologists, and biologists, as a disciplinary group, are unique in that they believe analogies must explain only similarities. In originating this powerfully simple analogy of differences between natural and artificial selection, which was later replicated by both Darwin and Wallace to explain the complexities natural selection, Matthew originated an explanation that changed the world, because - it is newly discovered (Sutton 2014, 2106) his book was read and cited pre-1858 by several naturalists who Darwin and Wallace admitted were their major influencers on the topic of varieties and species and organic evolution. 


Now retired. Dr Michael "Mike" Sutton was Reader in Criminology at Nottingham Trent University (UK), where he taught Hi Tech Crime and also Crime Reduction and Community Safety. He was Founding Director of the Nottingham Center of Excellence for the Study and Reduction of Bias, Prejudice and Hate Crimes. He was Director of Studies for several Ph.D students at any one time and, as Director of Studies, he successfully supervised a number of students to successful completion. Several of Mike's ex-doctoral students are now successfully employed as academic criminologists in various universities.

Mike Sutton served terms of office as External Examiner for Forensic Criminology at Sheffield Hallam University (UK).and Criminology ar Birmingham City University

Mike recently published a US Government Department of Justice international COPS Office guide for policing stolen goods markets .Mike is the originator of the Market Reduction Approach (MRA) to theft and co-founder and Chief Editor of the innovative, dual 100 per cent open access, Internet Journal of Criminology. He is a winner of the British Journal of Criminology Prize for virtual ethnographic research into a pan-European hacking group - judged to have "...most significantly contributed to the knowledge and understanding of criminology and criminal justice issues' in 1998/99.

What is the MRA?

The first systematic study of the various ways that stolen goods are stored, sold and bought - going beyond the previous focus upon the guilty mind and level of involvement of dealers and consumers - was conducted by Mike Sutton who created a fivefold market typology based on his in-depth interviews with expert prolific thieves, inexperienced thieves, fences, drug dealers and stolen goods consumers. In 1998, the UK Home Office published Sutton's report proposing a systematic framework for researching and tackling local stolen goods markets. This is the Market Reduction Approach (MRA) for tackling theft.

International Recognition and International Policy Impact

Sutton's MRA is currently recommended good crime reduction and policing practice on websites hosted by the US Government's Depart of Justice ( see here, and here) the British Government's Home Office (see page 9 here) and several examples of his published work are stored in the UK National Archive. His MRA is also recommended by the Australian Government's Institute of Criminology (here), and New Zealand's Ministry of Justice (here and here).

Sutton has numerous scholarly publications in the field of hate crimes, bias and prejudice, including a mythbusting UK Government report and guide on the best use of media in reducing ‘racial’ prejudice. What Sutton discovered, during the time he was working on this project, about the effect of bias on racism, and the effect of bias on efforts to tackle it, led him to look in more depth at the issue of bias in all fields, particularly in understanding more about how myths are created, reinforced and disseminated. Sutton is particularly interested in understanding how knowledge about the dynamic life of myths might be utilised in developing the strangely neglected field of how best to tackle them. This is an area that he calls dysology studies. Lessons learned in this field may well be useful for reducing, hate crimes of all kinds, cultural, religious, and ethnic prejudices as well as all areas where it is important that veracity is maintained in the public interest – such as in all areas of science and medicine.

Wikipedia covers some of his published and peer-to-peer highlights: Here and here. With reference to his earlier mythbusting on spinach, iron and Popeye, click here. However, Mike's very latest work on that topic can be found by clicking here.
In 2010 Sutton engaged in some myth-busting research in the field of nutrition and bio-chemistry that led to the discovery of the sociological concept of Braced Myths. This work led to him classifying certain types of myth as supermyths. In 2012 he identified two criminological Supermyth sub-types classified as braced myths regarding beat policing. Mike is keen to learn of any further examples of supermyths from any field of knowledge.Mike can be contacted at

A Notable Alumnus

Sutton is recognised as a notable alumnus of the University of Central Lancashire (UCL). His Alma Mater uses its connection with him as one of its graduates and post-graduates, and his later published work, as a prestige indicator in its overseas promotions (e.g.: here). He was, in 1987, the first person to be awarded a non natural sciences PhD at UCL.

Peer Review Activities

Mike is regularly called upon to perform scholarly review duties. He has peer reviewed papers, articles, research reports and research applications from numerous organisations and journals including: The Economic and Social Research Council, The Rand Co-operation, The US Department of Justice, The AXA Research Fund, the British Home Office, the British Journal of Criminology, The Journal of Crime and Justice, Criminology and Public Policy, and the Security Journal


By Mike Sutton

Evidence of Policy Impact of my research

I am the originator of the Market Reduction Approach to theft (MRA), and my research in this area has, for more than a decade, influenced government policy advice and policy making in Britain and elsewhere. Several British police forces have sought to reduce theft with the MRA.
In 1999, the MRA was implemented for the first time when Kent Constabulary sought to use it in its Operation Radium to reduce high levels of burglary and other theft in the Medway Towns of Rochester, Chatham, Gillingham, Rainham and Strood, which were given the collective pseudonym South Town (Home Office 2004). This initiative led to the passing of several local Acts of Parliament throughout England to regulate trade in second hand goods, with an aim to reduce Supply by Theft (Sutton 1995) including the Kent Acts(2001) and the Nottingham City Council Act (2003).

The MRA was mentioned at National Government level, along with my work in Parliamentary debate (Hansard 2000) and the Kent Acts later in Parliamentary Business (Hansard 2004). In 1999, the British Home Office funded the implementation of the MRA in three police forces: Kent, West Mercia and Stockport in Greater Manchester (Home Office 2006), followed by a Government funded evaluation by the University of Kent of the implementation and impact of the MRA in Kent and Greater Manchester (Harris, Hale and Uglow 2003; Hale et al (2004).
Other MRA schemes have been implemented in Britain in Nottinghamshire and Derby City constabularies. In 2011, the MRA was defined as a core policing core practice and as a performance indicator by Nottinghamshire Constabulary and the City’s Crime Reduction Partnership. I continue to publish in the area of tackling stolen goods markets (e.g. Sutton 2010) and advise police at local, national and international levels. I occasionally act as an unpaid ad-hoc informal ‘skeptical friend’ (academic adviser) for various police forces through meetings, email and telephone conversations. In 2011, I addressed a British audience of chief police officers through the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO National Burglary Reduction Working Group) on the subject of the MRA and the importance of veracity to inform policy in policing and crime reduction (7/9/2011).

Although the MRA has been promoted as ‘good practice’ by the British Government and has been used by several police forces, it has not proved possible to evaluate its impact in reducing crime due to a number of factors, not least the extent of confounding variables that impact upon crime rates at both the local and national level. Despite lack of evidence of its effectiveness in reducing crime, the UK Government, US Government, Australian Government and New Zealand Government (somewhat surprisingly) promote it as good ‘effective’ policing and general crime reduction practice:

Wider Influence of my MRA on Criminology

The MRA has been quite widely cited in the literature on crime reduction by criminologists including Marcus Felson and Ronald Clarke (See Wikipedia 20112011a2011b for a reasonably comprehensive list). Here are just a few examples of how the MRA has influenced and/or been cited as important research in other areas beyond the theft of high volume consumer goods:

Wildlife crime and endangered species
Trafficking in people
  • Reduce human trafficking: Organisation of Security and Co-operation in Europe Report (e.g. see page 1) Combatting Trafficking in Humans: Organisation of Security and Co-operation in Europe Report (e.g. see page 1)
Art and Cultural artefact crime
  • Theft and Trafficking of Art and Cultural Artefacts: Manacorda, S. and Chappell, D. (eds.) (2011) Crime in the Art and Antiques World: Illegal Trafficking in Cultural Property. New York. Springer.

Some Examples of the Impact of My Other Work on Crime Reduction and Bias and Prejudice Reduction Policy Guidance and Policy Making
Within England

  • Publication of Sutton, M. Perry, B. Parke J. and John-Baptiste, C. (2007) Getting the Message Across: Using media to reduce ‘racial’ prejudice. Department of Communities and Local Government. London. (Peer reviewed national government research report). Led to speaking engagement with National and local government representatives and members of anti-racism organisations: where I was Keynote speaker at a forum held in Scotland and funded by the Glasgow Anti-Racist Alliance (GARA). Subsequently, the Getting the Message Across report also used in a Coalition for Racial Equality and Rights submission to the Council of Europe Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities.
  • Newcastle City Council relied upon the Getting the Message Across report to shape its policy making .

Within Scotland

On 26 August 2011, The Coalition for Racial Equality and Rights (formerly known as the Glasgow Anti Racist Alliance) sent a written submission to the Scottish Parliament’s Justice Committee regarding the Offensive Behaviour at Football and Threatening Communications (Scotland). Bill. The submission informed Parliament of the dangers of implementing uninformed racism reductions measures that are likely to backfire and make the problem worse. The submission cited the myth busting research contained within the ‘Getting the Message Across’ report (Sutton et al 2007). Policy making advice within the ‘Getting the Message Across’ report inspired the Glasgow Anti Racist Alliance (Now Coalition for Racial Equality and Human Rights - CREHR) to successfully apply for funding to test its recommendations. They wrote:
"The project was funded by the Equality and Human Rights Commission and used recommendations from the Communities and Local Government report “Getting the message across: using media to reduce racial prejudice and discrimination” (Sutton et al., 2007) as impetus to undertake a local research project.”
US Government Office of Justice
Click on ‘evidence base’ and ‘additional references’ at the end of the section in the report link given below to see how work I conducted in 1996 is used to construct a current US Office of Justice effective solutions guide . These sources were used in the development of the program profile, which lists: (1) Ekblom, P., Law, H. and Sutton, M. with assistance from Paul Crisp and Richard Wiggins. (1996). Safer Cities and Domestic Burglary. Home Office Research Study 164. London, England: Home Office; and (2) Sutton, M. (1996). Implementing Crime Prevention Schemes in a Multiagency Setting: Aspects of Process in the Safer Cities Programme. London, England: Home Office.
The US Government Office of Justice currently publishes a series of abstracts on my work. E.g.:
1. Crime Surveys in the 21st Century
2. Internet Crime

My Research Reports in the UK National Archive

Several of my policy oriented research reports have been placed in the UK Government’s National Archive Collection. These include:


Hansard (2000). 1803-2005. 17th May. Kent County Council Bill (Lords) (archived) Commons Sitting – orders of the day. Vol. 350 cc.388-418. See also an extended debate (archived) in the House of Commons.
Hansard (2004) Written Answers. Bound Volume. Parliamentary Business. May 13, 2004. Column 573W—continued: Stolen Goods.(archived)
Harris, C. Hale, C and Uglow, S. (2003) Implementing a Market Reduction Approach to Property Crime. In: Tilley, N. and Bullock, K., (eds). Crime Reduction and Problem Oriented Policing. Devon, Willan.
Hale, C. Harris, C. Uglow, S. Gilling. L and Netten, A. (2004). Targeting the markets for stolen goods: two targeted policing initiative projects. Home Office Development and Practice Report 17.
Home Office (2004) Secure Design. Targeting the Markets for Stolen Goods: Two targeted policing initiative projects.
The National Archive: Home Office (2006) Tackling Burglary: Market Reduction Approach. Crime Reduction. The National Archive.
National Deviancy Conference (2011) Sutton, M, Hamilton, P., and Hodgson, P. The Problem of Zombie Cops in Voodoo Criminology. National Deviancy Conference York. July/Aug.
Nottingham City Council Act (2003) Sutton, M. (1995) Supply by Theft: does the market for second-hand goods play a role in keeping crime figures high? British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 38, No 3, Summer.
Sutton, M. (2010) Stolen Goods Markets. Problem Oriented Policing Guide No. 57. U.S.A. Department of Justice COPS Programme. (Peer reviewed international policing guide.
Sutton, M. Perry, B. Parke J. and John-Baptiste, C. (2007) Getting the Message Across: Using media to reduce ‘racial’ prejudice. Department of Communities and Local Government. London. (Peer reviewed national government research report). Here
The Kent Acts (2001). A Case for National Legislation: Report to the Secretary of State in compliance with section 20 (1) of the Kent County Council Act 2001 and section 20 (1) of the Medway Council Act 2001
Wikipedia (2011) The Market Reduction Approach.
Wikipedia (2011a) Criminology.
Wikipedia (2011b) Mike Sutton (criminologist)


Teaching, research, administration and management profile

My current position is Reader in Criminology at Nottingham Trent University. I am the founding Director of the Academic Centre of Excellence:  Nottingham Centre for the Study and Reduction of Hate Crimes, Bias and Prejudice. I am also Director and Founding General Editor of the Internet Journal of Criminology. I am active in research and publishing in the areas of illicit markets, crime reduction, fraud, hi-tech crimes, racial prejudice, discrimination, hate crimes, and the impact of bad science on public policy making.

I am the course leader for MA Criminology and undergraduate subject leader for the Hi-Tech Crime and Crime Reduction modules in BA (Hons) Criminology at Nottingham Trent University. I also engage in some shared teaching of the Introduction to Criminology (year 1) Module.  I am External Examiner for the BA (Hons) course at Birmingham City University. I am active in reviewing research council bids and peer reviewing journal articles for major journals including The British Journal of Criminology, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Internet Journal of Criminology, Journal of Quantitative Criminology, Security Journal.  I am on the editorial Board of the Security Journal. I am currently Director of Studies for 3 PhD students.

In my former employment as a social scientist working for the UK Home Office, I trained and gained experienced in the use of qualitative and quantitative methods - including non-participatory observation, in-depth interviewing and national survey data modelling. Work for the Home Office included project management, research commissioning and editorial duties. I have published in areas including policing, environmental criminology, sentencing, practical and theoretical aspects of crime prevention, stolen goods markets, hi-tech crime and national survey research, and the impact of bad data on public policy making.

Key Accomplishments: Other criminological research

My teaching and research in general crime reduction, hi-tech crimes, hate crimes, racism, racial prejudice and discrimination has a strong element of policy oriented crime, criminality and social-harm reduction.

I devised and designed the Market Reduction Approach (MRA) to theft, which has been implemented in several UK police forces and independently evaluated by university academics with UK government funding. The MRA is now a recommended UK government Home Office crime reduction strategy and is recommended on crime reduction websites run by US and Australian government departments.

I am active in research and publishing in the areas of illicit markets, hi-tech crime and general crime reduction.  

I devised the IDD research method, which amongst other mythbusts, originally unearthed literature in 2013/14 that totally disproves the prior-scientific establishment cherished and beloved myth that no naturalist at all/none know to Charles Darwin or Alfred Wallace had read Patrick Matthew's (1831) prior published complete theory of macroevolution by natural selection. The bombshell💣 findings are in my 2014, 2016 book Nullius in Verba: Darwin's Greatest Secret and in two expert peer reviewed academic journal articles: here and here. The IDD method and a small samples of original mythbusting findings made with it are in another expert peer reviewed journal article - here. The IDD method also bust the Spinach, Popeye and Iron Decimal Point Error Myth. That supermyth bust has been explained in several of my papers and essays and is covered by others in a number of textbooks (see here).

 My Mythbusting articles on Spinach

Spinach, Iron and Popeye: Ironic lessons from biochemistry and history on the importance of healthy eating, healthy scepticism and adequate citation (Sutton 2010) (here and here and also here)

The Spinach, Popeye, Iron, Decimal Error Myth is Finally Busted (Sutton, M. 2010) (here)

Did Popeye Really Increase Spinach Consumption and Production by 33 percent in 1936? (here)(Original Best Thinking blog post archived in full here

SPIN@GE USA Beware of the Bull: The United States Department of Agriculture is Spreading Bull about Spinach, Iron and Vitamin C (Sutton 2011) (Here)

Spin@ge II: Does the United States Department of Agriculture’s Publication of Spuriofacts Have its Origins in a Perverse Scientific Paper Written in 1937? (Sutton, M. June 2012) (here and archived here)

How the spinach, Popeye and iron decimal point error myth was finally bust (Sutton 2010) (Here and also here)


1983-1987                  Ph.D. University of Central Lancashire UK. Thesis title: "Differential rates of vandalism in a new town: towards a theory of relative place."

1980-1983                  B.A. (Hons.) Law. University of Central Lancashire.


2019 - date            General editor of the Internet Journal of Criminology. Author.

2001 – 2018          Reader in Criminology. Founding Director Nottingham Centre for the Study and Reduction of Hate Crimes, Bias and Prejudice. Nottingham Trent University. Founding General Editor of the Internet Journal of Criminology.

1989-2001          Home Office – UK Government,  Research, Statistics and Development Directorate, Policing and Reducing Crime Unit, Senior Research Officer. Managing crime reduction, organised crime and hi-tech crime research programmes. Programme evaluation,  national crime survey design and analysis, report writing, editing and publishing in learned journals. Project management. Commissioning research.

1988-1989          Freelance Research Consultant. Working mainly for Lancashire Probation Service H.Q.  Conducting quantitative data analysis for internal management/administrative purposes.

1987-1988                  Lancashire Polytechnic, Lecturer in Law. Temporary one-year lectureship to replace a member of staff on secondment.  Subject Leader for sociology and criminology options on the LLB/B.A. (Hons.) Law programme.

1983-1987          Lancashire Polytechnic, School of Law, Research Assistant. Part-time teaching duties in business law and sociology of the legal process.


National government policy-oriented research reports and books

Sutton, M (2017) Sutton, M. (2014) Nullius in Verba: Darwin’s greatest secret. Paperback (Vol.1. Second edition. (here)

Sutton, M. (2010) Stolen Goods Markets. Problem Oriented Policing Guide No. 57. U.S.A. Department of Justice COPS Programme. (Peer reviewed international policing guide.

Sutton, M. Perry, B. Parke J. and John-Baptiste, C. (2007) Getting the Message Across: Using media to reduce ‘racial’ prejudice. Department of Communities and Local Government. London. (Peer reviewed national government  research report).

Allen, J. Forrest, S. Levi, M. Roy, H. Sutton, M. (2005) Fraud and Technology Crimes: Findings from the 2002/3 British Crime Survey and 2003 Offending, Crime and Justice Survey. Home Office Online Report 34/05  (Peer reviewed national government  research report).

Finney, A. and Wilson, D. with Levi M, Sutton, M. and Forrest, S. (2005) Handling Stolen Goods: Findings from the 2002/03 British Crime Survey and the 2003 Offending  Crime and Justice Survey. Home Office online report 38/05

Sutton, M., Schneider, J.L. and Hetherington, (2001) Tackling theft with the market reduction approach. Home Office Crime Reduction Research Series Paper 8. (Peer reviewed national government research report)

Sutton, M. (1998) Handling Stolen Goods and Theft: A Market Reduction Approach. Home Office Research Study 178. Home Office. London.
(Peer reviewed national government research report)

Sutton, M. (1996) Implementing Crime Prevention Schemes in a Multi-Agency Setting: aspects of process in the Safer Cities Programme. Home Office Research Study 160. London: Home Office. (Peer reviewed national  government research report)

Ekblom, P. Law, H. and Sutton, M. (1996) Domestic Burglary Schemes in the Safer Cities Programme. Home Office Research Study No. 164. London: Home Office. (Peer reviewed national government  research report)

Sutton, M. (1993) From Receiving to Thieving: the market for stolen goods and the incidence of theft. Home Office Research Bulletin, No 34. London: Home Office.

Foster, J. and Hope, T. with Dowds, L. and Sutton, M. (1993). Housing Community and Crime: The Impact of the Priority Estates Project. Home Office Research Study 131. London. HMSO. (Peer reviewed national government research report)

Moxon, David, Hedderman, C., and Sutton, M.  (1990)  Deductions from benefit for fine default.  Home Office Research Paper 60London: Home Office. (Peer reviewed national government research report)

Moxon, David, Sutton, M., and Hedderman, C. (1990)  Unit fines: experiments in four courtsHome Office Research Paper 59London: Home Office. (Peer reviewed National government research report)

Journal articles and other expert peer reviewed – non book - publications

Sutton, M. and Griffiths, M. (2018) Using Date Specific Searches on Google Books to Disconfirm Prior Origination Knowledge Claims for Particular Terms, Words, and Names. Social Sciences Journal. Here

Mike Sutton (2018) Routine Activity Theory’s ‘Mindless’ Chemistry Meme masquerades as a theory of crime causation. Internet Journal of Criminology. Here

Mike Sutton (2017) Fencing and Stolen Goods Markets. Oxford Bibliographies. Oxford University Press. Here

Sutton (2015) On Knowledge Contamination: New Data Challenges Claims of Darwin’s and Wallace’s Independent Conceptions of Matthew’s Prior-Published Hypothesis.   Filozoficzne Aspekty Genezy — 2015, t. 12 Philosophical Aspects of Origin. Here

Mike Sutton (2014) The hi-tech detection of Darwin’s and Wallace’s possible science fraud. Papers from the British Criminology Conference. Here.

Sutton, M. and Hodgson, P. (2013) The Problem of Zombie Cops in Voodoo Criminology: Arresting the Police Patrol 100 Yard Myth. The Internet Journal of Criminology. Here

Sutton, M. and Tseloni, A. (2011). Area Crime and Fear of Crime Levels: Has analysis of the British Crime Survey diluted crime concentration and homogenised risk?' Criminology [εγκληματολογία ](Special Issue):  Fear of Crime: A Comparative Approach in the European Context.  pp. 32-39. In. C. Zarafonitou.  (Guest Editor) October 2011 Athens: Law Library.

Sutton, M. and Wright, C. (2009) Finding the Far Right Online
 An exploratory study of white supremacist websites. Internet Journal of Criminology.

Sutton, M. and Perry, B. (2009) Politicking the personal: examining academic literature and British National Party beliefs and wishes about Intimate Interracial Relationships and mixed heritage. Information & Communications Technology Law. Vol. 18, No. 2, June 2009, 83–98

Perry, B. and Sutton, M. (2008) Policing the Colour Line: Violence Against Those in Intimate Interracial Relationships. Race, Gender & Class. Volume 15, Number 3-4, 240-261.

Perry, B. and Sutton, M. (2006) Seeing Red over Black and White: Popular and Media Representations of Interracial Relationships as Precursors to Racial Violence. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice / Revue Canadienne de criminology et de justice penale. Volume 48, Number 6, October 2006

Sutton, M. And Simmonds, D. (2004) Tackling Burglary and other Theft with the Market Reduction Approach. Criminal Justice Matters. No.55. Spring. 28-29

Sutton, M. (2003) Race Hatred and the Far Right on the Internet. Criminal Justice Matters. Special Edition on Hate Crimes. No 48. Summer. pp 26- 27.

Griffiths, M. and Sutton, M (2003) E-mails with Unintended Criminal Consequences. The Criminal Lawyer, No.130, March, p6-8)

Mann, D., Sutton, M. and Tuffin, R. (2003) The Evolution of Hate: Social Dynamics in White Racist Newsgroups. Internet Journal of Criminology. A peer reviewed online journal:

Sutton, M. and Griffiths, M. (2002)  Far Right Groups on the Internet: A New Problem for Crime Control and Community Safety? The Criminal Lawyer. No.123. June. pp. 3-5.

Mann, D. and Sutton, M. (1998) >>NetCrime: More Change in the Organisation of Thieving. British Journal of Criminology, Volume 38, No.2, Spring. This paper was the Winner of the Annual British Journal of Criminology Prize – for the best article published in 1998 making a significant contribution to knowledge.

Sutton, M. (1995) Supply by Theft: does the market for second-hand goods play a role in keeping crime figures high? British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 38, No 3, Summer.

Sutton, Mike (1988) Vandalism and the perceived inequity theory, a critique of the equity based model of vandalism. Lancashire Polytechnic Law Review, Vol. 1, No. 1, Spring.

Chapters in books

Sutton, M. and Wright, C. (In Press - 2012) Finding the Far Right Online: An exploratory study of white racialist websites. In Poynting, S. and Wilson, J. (eds) Sticks and Stones: Writings and Drawings of Hatred. Ottawa. Red Quill Books.

Perry, B. and Sutton, M. (In Press - 2012) Crossing the Line: Discourses on intimate inter-racial relationships in the US and UK. In Poynting, S. and Wilson, J. (eds) Sticks and Stones: Writings and Drawings of Hatred. Ottawa. Red Quill Books.

Sutton, M. (2010)  Understanding and Tackling Stolen Goods Markets. In Brookman, F. Maguire, M. Pierpoint, H and Bennett, T. (Eds) Handbook on Crime. Cullompton. Willan.


Sutton, M. (2005) Complicity, trading dynamics and prevalence in stolen goods markets. In Tilley, N. (ed) Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety. Cullompton. Willan.

Sutton M. (2004) The Market Reduction Approach is Route Level Situational Crime Prevention) In Hopkins Burke, R. (Ed) Hard Cop, Soft Cop: Debates and Dilemmas in Contemporary Policing. Cullompton Willan.

Sutton, M. and Griffiths, M. (2003) E-Mails with Unintended Consequences. In P. Hills (Ed) Aspects of Human Communication (Vol. 1) Peter Francis Publishers.

Sutton, M. (2003) Theft, Stolen Goods and the Market Reduction Approach. In Shapland, J; Albrecht, Hons-Jorg; Ditton, J. and Godefroy, T. (eds) The Informal Economy: Threat and Opportunity in the City. Max-Planck Institute, Freiburg i. Br.

Sutton, M. and Schneider, J.L. (1999) 'Theft, Stolen Goods and the Market Reduction Approach: Operation Radium and Operation Heat.' In  Allan, T. and C. Sole Brito (1999) Problem Oriented Policing: Crime Specific Problems, Critical Issues and Making POP Work. Washington, D.C. Police Executive Research Forum.

Other publications

Sutton, M. (2012) Fencing /Receiving Stolen Goods.  Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. New York. Springer.

Sutton, M (2010) Product Design: Concealable, Removable, Available, Valuable, Enjoyable and Disposable (CRAVED), and Value, Inertia, Visibility and Access (VIVA). Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention. Thousand Oakes. Sage.

Sutton, M (2010) The Safer Cities Programme. Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention. Thousand Oakes. Sage
Sutton, M. (2010) Spinach, Iron and Popeye: Ironic lessons from biochemistry and history on the importance of healthy eating, healthy scepticism and adequate citation. IJC Primary Research Paper.

Sutton, M. (2008) How Prolific Thieves Sell Stolen Goods: Describing, Understanding and Tackling the Local Markets in Mansfield and Nottingham. A Market Reduction Approach Study. Internet Journal of Criminology. Primary research paper:

Sutton, M. Hodgkinson, S. and Levi, M. (2008) HANDLING STOLEN GOODS: FINDINGS FROM THE 2003 OFFENDING CRIME AND JUSTICE SURVEY. Internet Journal of Criminology. Primary research paper.

Sutton, M. (2003) How Burglars and Shoplifters Sell Stolen Goods in Derby: Describing and Understanding the Local Illicit Markets. A Dynamics of Offending Report for Derby Community Safety Partnership. Internet Journal of Criminology.  Primary research paper.

Sutton, M. (2002) Fencing. Encyclopaedia of Crime and Punishment. Thousand Oakes. Sage.

Schneider, J.L. and Sutton, M. (1999) Keystroke Crime: Telling IT like IT is and the need for an Internet criminal activity survey.  FOCUS on police research and development, Issue 11, Summer. London: Home Office.

Sutton, M. (1998) Too Hot to Handle: the market reduction approach aims to turn up the heat on stolen goods. FOCUS on police research and development. Issue 10, May. Home Office. London.


(A selection of some of my many presentations on my research)

2016          James Hutton Institute Lecture on 100 Per Cent Proof of Darwin's Lying Plagiarising Glory Thieving Science Fraud. Scotland. 17th March Here

2015          Sutton, M. The routine activity theory of crime opportunity is a truism masquerading as causality International Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design Conference. Calgary, Canada. (Here)

2014           A DREADFUL DISCOVERY: BIG DATA PROVES WALLACE AND DARWIN COUNTERFEIT DISCOVERERSI. Conway Hall Sunday Lecture. Ethical Society. London. July 27th. Note: this lecture is now published in the Ethical Record. Here

2014          Internet Dating with Darwin. Edinburgh International Science Festival. Edinburgh Skeptics Society. April 10th.

2014          Hi-Tech Detection of Charles Darwin’s and Alfred Wallace’s Great Science Fraud. British Society of Criminology Conference. Liverpool University. July 10th. The expert, anonymously peer reviewed paper Here

2012          Sutton, M. Hamilton, P. and Trickett, L. Disability Harassment and Hostility in Nottinghamshire: The Importance of an Offender’s Perspective. Hate Crime Symposium April 26th. Cardiff. Cardiff University.

2011           Sutton, M. Tackling Burglary with the Market Reduction Approach to Stolen Goods. Association of Chef Police Officers. Burglary Group. National Meeting. Nottingham. September 7th.

2011          Sutton, M, Hamilton, P., Long, M. and Hodgson, P. The Problem of Zombie Cops in Voodoo Criminology. National Deviancy Conference York. July/Aug.

2009          Sutton, M. and Tseloni, M. Where is the Full Fat Fear of Crime: Has 25 Years of Homogenised Data Misled Criminologists and Policy Makers? ESDS Government Crime Survey Users Meeting. University of Manchester. Monday 7 December 2009.

2009           Sutton, M. Who Buys Stolen Goods? Paper presented at ESDS Government Research Conference: Crime Safety and Community. British Academy. Wednesday 18th November.

2009                  Sutton, M. Selling Stolen Goods is a Recession Proof Industry. 37th Annual Conference of the European Group for the Study of Deviance and Social Control. University of Central Lancashire. Thursday 27th August.

2009                  Sutton, M. What Works, What Does Not Work and What Constitutes Quackery in the use of Media to Reduce Racism? Can Media Reduce Racial Prejudice? Glasgow Anti-Racist Alliance Conference (GARA). Glasgow 23 June 2009.

2008          Sutton, M. Finding a Good Way Forwards: Key Lessons from the review of media use to reduce race and ethnic prejudice. Glasgow Anti-Racist Alliance Seminar (GARA). Glasgow, April 11: ‘Changing Beliefs or Changing Nothing: The Role of Media Campaigns in Reducing Racial Prejudice.’

2007          Sutton, M. Stealing to Order and Stealing to Offer. European Society of Criminology Conference. Bologna.

2007          Sutton, M. and Perry, B. Politicking the Personal: Examining Academic Literature and British National Party beliefs and wishes about intimate interracial relationships and mixed heritage. Paper presented at the International Conference, Law and Society in the 21st Century. Berlin 2007.

2007          Sutton, M. Tackling theft with the Market Reduction Approach. Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO). Special meeting on burglary and other theft reduction. Cheshire Police HQ.

2006          Sutton, M. Conference to Mark 25 years of the British Crime Survey. Windsor. Surveying Fraud and Hi-tech Crimes.

2006          Sutton, M. Policing Transnational Crimes Conference. London: High Tech Crime, Crimemongers: Crooked Businesses on the Internet

2006          Sutton, M. Second International Cultural Criminology Conference, London: Crime Mongers: Crooked Businesses in Bent Society

2005          Sutton, M and Parke, J. European Society of Criminology Conference, Krakow, Poland. Identifying good practice in the use of the media to reduce racial prejudice.

2005          Sutton, M. Third Nottingham International Hate Crimes Conference. Nottingham England. Reviewing the literature on use of the media to reduce ethnic and racial prejudice.

2005          Sutton, M. Second International Conference On Hate Crimes: Preventing Hate Violence. Northeastern University. Boston USA.  A New Research Agenda

2004          Sutton, M. and Perry, B.  American Society of Criminology Conference, Nashville. Researching the use of the media to reduce ethnic and racial prejudice.
2003          Sutton, M. Thirteenth World Criminology Congress, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Finding The Far Right Online.

2003           Sutton, M. Thirteenth World Criminology Congress, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A study of vandalism in a 3D Internet community: important lessons for what works in online community safety.

2003          Sutton, M. British Society of Criminology regional meeting, Cardiff UniversityPresentation on Racist and Racialist Newsgroups and Websites.

2003          Sutton, M. The SOLON and Nottingham Centre for the Study and Reduction of Hate Crimes first International Hate Crimes Conference. Nottingham. “Finding the Far Right Online

2001          Sutton, M. The Hague, Netherlands, Europol HQ.  International workshop: Development of tools to support prevention of organised crime in practice.

2000                  Sutton, M. The Hague, Netherlands, Europol HQ.  Falcone funded workshop for law enforcement practitioners: Identifying and Disseminating Good Practice in Organised Crime Reduction.

2000          Sutton, M. Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge.  Diploma in Criminology, part of Strategic Command Course for officers of ACPO rank.  Policing Stolen Goods Markets.

1999          Sutton, M. Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge.  Diploma in Criminology, part of Strategic Command Course for officers of ACPO rank.  Internet Crime.

1999          Sutton, M. British Society of Criminology regional meeting, Cardiff UniversityPresentations on Internet crime and stolen goods markets.

1998          Sutton, M. San Diego, California USA.  Problem Oriented Policing Conference, keynote speaker.  ‘The Market Reduction Approach to Stolen Goods.’ Police Executive Research Forum.  November.

1998          Sutton, M. Washington, D.C., USA.  American Society of Criminology annual conference.  ‘The Market Reduction Approach to Stolen Goods.’

1998          Sutton, M. Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.  Heartland Symposium: Emerging Trends in Criminal Justice for the Year 2000 and Beyond.  Keynote Speaker. NetCrime, and the Market Reduction Approach.

1998          Sutton, M. Freiburg, Germany.  Max Plank Institute.  European funded conference on informal economy.  The Structure and Organisation of Stolen Goods Markets.

1997          Sutton, M. San Diego, California, USA.  American Society of Criminology annual conference.  ‘>>NetCrime: More Change in the Organisation of Thieving.’

1996          Sutton, M. Presentation to the Royal Society.  Implementing Crime Prevention Schemes in a Multi-Agency Setting: aspects of process in the Safer Cities Programme

1994          Sutton, M. Miami, Florida, USA.  American Society of Criminology annual conference.  Who buys stolen goods: findings from the 1994 British Crime Survey.

1994          Sutton, M. British Society of Criminology conference, Loughborough.  Supply by Theft: does the market for second-hand goods play a role in keeping crime figures high?

1990          Sutton, M. British Society of Criminology Conference, YorkUnit fines: experiments in four courts.

Honours and Awards

2000          Cardiff University, Honorary Research Fellow

1999          British Journal of Criminology Annual Prize. With David Mann. For academic year 1998/99.  Award for ‘>>NetCrime: More Change in the Organisation of Thieving.’ For the best article published during the last year which, in the opinion of the British Journal of Criminology Editorial Board most significantly contributed to the knowledge and understanding of criminology and criminal justice issues.

1998          Hudson Institute, (Independent public policy not for profit think tank) Indianapolis and Chicago, USA.  Honorary Research Fellow

Grants and Contracts

2002          £35,000 For PhD Bursary Student (Edward Pollock). Nottingham Trent University UK Bursary award

2002          £10,000 Nottingham Trent University Strategic Development Grant to pump-prime initial fund raising to establish Hate Crimes Centre of Excellence: Nottingham Centre for the Study and Reduction of Hate Crimes, Bias and Prejudice .

2003          £5,000  Home Office (UK) national government contract to design questions for the 2003 Crime and Justice Survey: fraud, hi-tech crime and stolen goods components

2004          £10,000 Local government contract with Derby City Crime and Disorder Partnership (UK) to conduct Market Reduction Research to tackle acquisitive offending

2005          £14,000 Local government contract with Mansfield Crime and Disorder Partnership (UK) to conduct Market Reduction Research to tackle and reduce acquisitive offending

2005          £12,000 National (UK) government contract  (with Professor Mike Levi Cardiff University, UK) to analyse fraud, hi-tech crime and stolen goods components of (UK) Home Office Crime and Justice Survey and write two government research reports

2005          £50,000+ ESRC (UK National Research Council) 4 year (1+3) PhD studentship awarded for student (Paul Hamilton) to research street-level prostitution in Nottingham (UK)

2005          £33,000 Home Office (UK) National government contract (With Professor Barbara Perry University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Canada) to identify good practice through evaluation of local, regional, national and international media-based anti-racial discrimination initiatives. 

2006           £42,000+ For PhD Bursary Student (Kassim Bin Noor Mohammed). Nottingham Trent University, UK Bursary award to research the organisational dynamics of a Malaysian criminal godfather and head of kidnapping gang.

2009          £50,000+ ESRC (UK National Research Council) 4 year (1+3) PhD studentship awarded for student For PhD Bursary  (Jayne Noor Mohammed). E-fencing study: selling stolen goods on the Internet